Libya Tribune

It’s the Economy Stupid (1)

How Libya’s Civil War Is Rooted in Its Economic Structures By Jason Pack This paper claims that the root of the country’s stymied transition and its post-2014 civil war is primarily economic – not political or ideological.

Impunity Begets Impunity

International accountability as a tool to empower and protect By Jeremie Smith & Karim Salem Over the last eight years Libya has become increasingly ruled by warlords and armed groups who regularly carry out brutal crimes and atrocities...

Lost Justice: Across the Libyan desert...

By Salah Marghani It was seemingly innocuous. On 2 February 2017, the Italian Government, supported by EU, prompted a Libyan UN-proclaimed Presidential Council or (GNA), to sign a vaguely albeit smartly worded memorandum of understanding (MOU).

It is More Dangerous than Ever: Chaos and...

By Marieke Wierda Libya has always been a dangerous place for migrants and refugees. They are often at the mercy of ruthless human traffickers, militias who trade them for money, or abusive state authorities who detain them indefinitely.

A Warlord Rebuilds Benghazi in His Own Image

A Return to Gadhafi Era By Mirco Keilberth and Fritz Schaap Benghazi was the center of the revolution against Gadhafi, the former Libyan dictator. After driving out the February 17 revolutionaries, warlord Khalifa Haftar has set up a culture...

Turkey is fighting a formidable drone war in...

By Paul Iddon Turkey has given decisive support to Libya’s Tripoli-based government, supplying it with armed drones that have carried out a series of air strikes on the besieging eastern forces of General Khalifa Haftar.

Justice, Delayed in Libya

By Hanan Salah The scars ran deep. His back was a maze of thick welts, thinner scars and parts that resembled small craters.

Russia’s Wagner Mercenaries Have Moved...

By Michael Weiss & Pierre Vaux In emails revealing Moscow’s efforts to groom incompetent aspiring leaders of the oil-rich war-torn country, the cynicism would be almost laughable, but the carnage is continuous.

Turkish drones in Libya are a strategic and...

By Fehim Tastekin  A war of drones involving Turkey has escalated in Libya in recent weeks, as Khalifa Hifter’s Libyan National Army, backed by Egypt and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), continues to target Tripoli.

Another conference on Libya? Enforce the...

By Ben Fishman Five months into Libya’s latest civil war, the violence continues unabated. Since Khalifa Haftar launched his attack on Tripoli in April, the war has left more than 1,100 dead and over 100,000 displaced.