By Jacques Deveaux
The “coronavirus truce” remained a dead letter. The regular army supported by Turkey regains ground on that of Marshal Haftar who is still trying to control Tripoli.
It is a serious setback that the forces of Marshal Haftar have just suffered in western Libya.
Pro-GNA forces, the UN-recognized Tripoli government, captured the coastal towns of Sorman and Sabratha on April 14, some 60 kilometers west of Tripoli, midway between the capital and the border with Tunisia.
The forces linked to Marshal Haftar’s LNA (National Army of Libya) have been trampling around the Libyan capital since the offensive launched in April 2019.
Only the capture of Syrthe, city of Gaddafi, in January 2020, represents a territorial advance. But on this flank too, there is no significant progress.
On their way to Misrata, LNA forces have been stranded for the past few days 250 km away, in the Abu Grein region. The city was taken from regular troops, then lost after heavy fighting.
The mastery of the air and the support of drones provided by Turkey seem to make the difference, according to Jalal Harchaoui, an analyst with the Dutch think tank Clingendael, interviewed by AFP.
On a video circulating on social networks, we can indeed see the terrible effectiveness of Turkish drones working for the GNA.
The so-called “coronavirus” truce accepted on March 21 by both sides is no more than an old memory. Besides, it has not been applied.
And this time, the people of Tripoli must be subjected to rocket fire launched in reaction to the loss of land by the men of Marshal Haftar.
In the targeted area of Mitiga airport to the east of the city, houses were hit, according to the emergency services.
Civilians trapped between war and coronavirus
With the arrival of the coronavirus , the dilemma for the population is terrifying.
Stay at home and risk the bombing, or flee and find yourself at the mercy of the virus …
The fight against the pandemic is totally disorganized in a context of war.
Water and electricity cuts are increasing.
Hospitals are targeted, the population must move away from the front line and regroup in less dangerous places, making social distancing very problematic.
As many as 100,000 people have moved to the center of the city, according to a New York Times report.
The height of nonsense, fighters wear surgical masks.
Zero level negotiations
Peace, or at least the cessation of fighting, seems far away.
The UN has still not announced a replacement for its envoy Ghassan Salamé, who resigned on March 23.
Haftar forces suffer string of defeats in battle for Tripoli
Libya’s internationally recognised gov’t makes gains, capturing seven towns from Haftar’s control in the past two days.
Libya’s internationally recognised government has made significant gains, capturing seven towns from renegade military commander Khalifa Haftar’s control in the past two days.
Sabratha, Surman, al-Ajaylat, Regdalin, al-Jumayl, Zelten and al-Essa, located northwest to the capital Tripoli, are now under the control of forces loyal to the Government of National Accord (GNA), according to Al Jazeera sources.
The GNA said on Monday its troops had seized control of three strategic coastal cities – Sabratha, Surman, al-Ajaylat – located between Tripoli and the Tunisian border.
Sabratha and Surman lie 60km (37 miles) and 70km (43 miles) west of Tripoli, respectively, nearly halfway to the Tunisian border. The loss is a major blow to the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA), which is allied to Haftar and backed by the United Arab Emirates, Russia and Egypt.
Experts say the capture of these cities means the GNA has changed its strategy from “defensive to offensive mode” as the Tripoli-based government battles Haftar’s forces for the past one year.
Haftar’s forces, which have since pulled back to an airbase in the war-torn country’s southwest, early on Tuesday fired rockets on Tripoli after suffering a string of defeats.
Salvo after salvo of rockets caused loud explosions throughout the night, correspondents of AFP news agency reported.
Several homes were hit around Mitiga airbase in the eastern suburbs, the capital’s sole if intermittently functioning airport.
Al Jazeera’s Mahmoud Abdelwahed, reporting from Tripoli, said the rockets caused fear and panic among the civilian population. “There is a mode of panic yet defiant” in the capital, he said.
There was no immediate word on any casualties.
The GNA, which has been battling an offensive against the capital for more than a year, accused the LNA of taking revenge against Tripoli’s civilian population following their losses on Monday.
“The criminal militia and mercenaries have taken out their anger on residential neighbourhoods of Tripoli to avenge their defeat, firing dozens of rockets and missiles on the capital indiscriminately,” spokesman Mohamad Gnounou said.
Earlier on Monday, Colonel Muhammad Qanunu said the GNA’s air defences intercepted planes belonging to Haftar in the Abu Grain area and shot down the two Chinese-made Wing Loong aircraft and one Russian Mi-35 helicopter.
Sources told Al Jazeera the clashes killed nine soldiers from the GNA and more than 30 fighters loyal to Haftar, including a number of Sudanese and Chadian fighters.
The sources added the GNA used drones provided by Turkey to launch raids on Haftar’s forces and the LNA.
“Military commanders say the latest advance by GNA forces can mainly be attributed to Turkish air support. Control of the skies has recently shifted in favour of the GNA, thanks to the Turkish air force,” said Abdelwahed.
Ceasing of hostilities
Libya, a large oil producer, has been engulfed in chaos since 2011 when longtime leader Muammar Gaddafi was killed in an uprising.
It is now split between two rival administrations: the Tripoli-based GNA, led by Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj, and the House of Representatives allied to Haftar and the LNA.
The United Nations says hundreds of people have been killed and more than 200,000 displaced since Haftar launched his campaign to capture Tripoli.
On March 17, the UN and nine countries called on Libya’s warring parties to cease hostilities to allow health authorities to fight against the new coronavirus.
Repeated UN efforts to mediate a ceasefire have not yielded a permanent result and have been on hold since envoy Ghassan Salame quit in early March, citing health reasons.
Farhan Haq, the deputy spokesman for the UN secretary-general, said the world governing body is concerned continued fighting will hamper the country’s efforts to contain the spread of the coronavirus.
“We, as you know, have been asking the parties to cease fighting … we need to make sure that they can set aside [their differences] and work together to allow us to deal with the pandemic.”