Foreign states have long meddled in Libya’s post-2011 conflicts, but this latest phase of the civil war has seen intensified military interventions by Russia, Turkey, and the United Arab Emirates, all in violation of a UN arms embargo.

Why have diplomatic efforts to end the proxy war failed?

What does Libya’s conflict reveal about global disorder today and the future of multilateral norms and institutions?

What role can the next U.S. administration play?

In a discussion with former UN special representative to Libya Ghassan Salamé, he will share his candid insights with journalist Robin Wright of The New Yorker.


William J. Burns provides opening remarks. He is president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He previously served as U.S. deputy secretary of state.


Ghassan Salamé served as the UN Secretary-General’s Special Representative (SRSG) and Head of the UN Support Mission in Libya (UMSMIL) from 2017-2020.


Robin Wright is a contributing writer for The New Yorker and a former Carnegie fellow.


The Carnegie Endowment advances international peace by leveraging its global network to shape debates and provide decisionmakers with independent insights and innovative ideas on the most consequential global threats and opportunities.


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