The peace plan, which also involved installing an interim unity government last year, was aimed at resolving the conflict between the country’s main factions that split Libya in 2014 between rival governments in east and west.
This advertisement has not loaded yet, but your article continues below.
The eastern-based parliament said the interim government’s mandate ended on the day of the scheduled election and it has chosen a new one under former interior minister Fathi Bashagha, promising to hold new elections next year.
“If this situation drags on there is a risk of violence. And if that occurs then each side will bear some degree of responsibility and I think that’s not something either side wants,” he said.
Under international agreements, oil exports can only be handled by Libya’s state-owned National Oil Corp (NOC), with revenue sent to the Central Bank of Libya which pays for most state spending even across front lines of conflict.
Rival armed forces have frequently shut down Libyan oil output throughout the conflict to put pressure on authorities in Tripoli. In 2020, forces aligned with eastern factions assaulting the capital stopped all oil exports for months.
More recently, Dbeibah has used oil revenue for populist spending projects that his critics call a corrupt attempt to buy political popularity ahead of elections in which he may seek new office. He denies corruption or misuse of funds.
Norland said the United States was proposing a short-term mechanism that would build on that model but in a more orderly way and with more transparent financial oversight.
It would have “enough transparency with everybody producing statements on what’s been dispersed and what’s been received” so that any discrepancies could be accounted for, he said.
(Reporting by Ahmed Elumami in Tripoli and Angus McDowall in Tunis; Editing by Andrew Heavens)