By Jamie Merrill
Former French President Nicolas Sarkozy was placed in custody on Tuesday as part of an investigation into claims that he received millions of euros in illegal financing from Gaddafi, a legal source told AFP.
The news agency reported that Sarkozy was being held at the Nanterre police station, west of Paris, where he had reportedly been summoned by anti-corruption police officers.
The former French leader had until now refused to respond to a summons for questioning in the case, which drew heightened scrutiny last November when a businessman admitted delivering three cash-stuffed suitcases from Gaddafi as contributions towards the French leader’s first presidential bid.
Sarkozy and his former chief of staff have denied wrongdoing in the case, which involves funding for his successful 2007 presidential campaign.
However, investigators are examining allegations that Gaddafi gave Sarkozy $61m (50m euros) for the campaign, in breach of French laws that prohibit overseas financing of elections and limit overall funding to $26m.
The former president’s detention comes more than a year after French-Lebanese businessman Ziad Takieddine repeated claims that he delivered suitcases from Libya containing 5m euros ($6.2m) in cash to Sarkozy and his former chief of staff Claude Gueant.
It is alleged that three cash handovers took place at the Interior Ministry, while Sarkozy was interior minister in late 2006 and early 2007.
On each trip Takieddine carried a suitcase with around 1.5m to 2m euros in 200-euro and 500-euro notes, it is alleged.
In a film published on investigative news website Mediapart, the businessman, who introduced the two leaders, claimed he handed over cases of cash to Sarkozy and his chief of staff.
He told Mediapart: “I have discovered things that should no longer be hidden. I wish to denounce the mafia state in which we are currently living.”
‘Active and passive corruption’
The allegations against him first emerged in 2013, when the French courts opened an inquiry into the suspected illegal financing of Sarkozy’s 2007 campaign with a view to possible charges for “active and passive corruption, misuse of power, forgery, abuse of public money, money laundering, and complicity in and concealment of these offences”.
Before his arrest in January, Djouhri, a 59-year-old Swiss resident, was well known among France’s right-wing political establishment, and had also refused to respond to a summons for questioning in Paris.
The detention of the former French president also comes after Bechir Saleh, Gaddafi’s former finance chief, published a book supporting the claims. He recently told Le Monde: “Gaddafi said he had financed Sarkozy. Sarkozy said he had not been funded. I believe more Gaddafi than Sarkozy.”
It comes after officers from the Central Office for Combating Corruption and Financial and Tax Crimes (OCLCIFF) submitted a report to magistrates, in which it detailed how cash circulated within the Sarkozy campaign team and how it allegedly flowed from Djouhri, then close to Saleh, to Gueant.
Sarkozy has previously dismissed the allegations against him as the claims of Libyan regime members furious over his participation in the US-led military intervention that ended Gaddafi’s 41-year rule.
Nadine Morano, a member of the European Parliament and former minister in Sarkozy’s government, told RTL radio: “We will see if this custody was justified, what elements it will bring. Once again, I look at the facts. The reality of the facts is that, very often, he was questioned, very often, he came out by being whitened completely. I call for a lot of caution the media that are starting to get excited.”
A complex relationship
Sarkozy had a complex relationship with Gaddafi. Soon after becoming the French president, he invited Gaddafi to France for a state visit and rolled out the red carpet. But Sarkozy then put France in the forefront of Nato-led air strikes against Gaddafi’s troops that helped rebel fighters topple his regime in 2011.
It is not the first time that Sarkozy has faced legal troubles. In February 2016, he was handed preliminary charges by French magistrates for suspected illegal overspending on his failed 2012 re-election campaign and ordered to stand trial.
Jamie Merrill is a political and security journalist based in London. He was previously a senior news reporter at The Independent newspaper and has written for titles including The Times, The Guardian, The Sunday Times and Time.